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Endive Seeds

  • Brand: KNOWN-YOU
  • Quantity: About 1000 seeds per package
  • Germination: 19 to 14 days
  • Soil Condition:  The plants will grow best in a loose, fertile soil or well draining loam with a pH of 6.5–7.8 
  • Spacing:  1 to 2 inches apart
  • Sowing depth:  Endive seeds should be planted at about 3 times the depth of the size of the seed
  • Light: Full Sun
  • Watering Time: Frequent
  • Fertilizing: Reommended
SKU: V-100

Availability: In stock

$2.50

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Details

Details

Official Name: Cichorium endivia 

General description: Endive is a member of the chicory family, which includes radicchio, escarole, frisee and curly endive. It has a crisp texture and a sweet, nutty flavor with a pleasantly mild bitterness — great served raw or cooked.

How to grow: 

Once the seeds germinate, thin. Use the thinnings in salads. Keep thinning until the heads are spaced 7 inches apart in the rows. Keep the beds well watered. If the bed dries out, the heads will become more bitter flavored. Hand weed and then mulch with a layer of straw or untreated grass clippings. Fertilize the young seedlings with fish emulsion after thinning and again 3 weeks later.

To create and even milder flavored head, you can help blanch (block the light) the heads by placing a pot over the heads 2 weeks before harvest.

Although not as attractive to pests as lettuce, endive still has its share of problems. Rabbits and woodchucks love the young greens, so fence to keep these critters out. Aphids will feed on the tender leaves. Spray insecticidal soap to ward them off. Slugs and snails will also munch on the leaves. Use beer traps to catch and kill them, copper flashing, sharp sand, or crushed sea or oyster shells to ward them off, and iron phosphate bait to lure and kill them. Space plants properly to avoid rot diseases. Pick young leaves as baby greens when they’re at least 2-inches long. Pick young heads about 40- to 50-days after planting by harvesting the young outer leaves. Allow some heads to mature to full size in about 60 to 80 days and cut the whole head to the ground for cooking.

Benefits: Endive provides the body with a few (but not many) vitamins and minerals. It is primarily a good source of vitamin K. One 1/2 cup serving provides your body with 72 percent of your recommended daily intake of vitamin K. Endive also provides a small amount of vitamin A, vitamin C, folate, and manganese.

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